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BASIC FIRE SAFETY:
In the United States,a house fire occurs every 50 seconds.
Fire is the leading cause of death in children under five years of age.
Fire has been called "the world's worst serial killer".
Since 1900, more Americans have died in fires than in all the wars during the same period.
The number one cause of fatal house fires is smoking. The number two and three causes are cooking and heating equipment.
The rapid oxidation of a combustible material. It produces heat, light, and smoke.
For a fire to exist, all three elements of the "Fire Triangle" must exist...remove one or more of these elements and the fire will die out.
1. Take preventive measures to minimize your risk of fire.
2. Install proper warning tools.
3. Have fire fighting equipment present.
4. Develop and practice an evacuation plan.
Photoelectric: uses a beam of light to sense smoke. May be better for smokey, smoldering fires.
Ionization: uses special radioactive material. May be better for hot, flaming fires.
Combination models: are available as well as types designed to detect heat and smoke.
1. Buy a reliable brand.
2. It should be U.L. listed.
3. It must be properly installed.
4. It must be maintained and have a fresh battery installed.
Four types of extinguishers are available:
A. Ordinary combustibles.
B. Flamable liquids.
C. Electrical equipment.
Install the extinguisher between the likely fire source and the exit.
P-Pull the pin.
A-Aim at the base of the fire.
S-Squeeze the trigger.
S-Sweep from side to side.
Develop and practice exit drills with your family.
Use a piece of graph paper to draw a floor plan of your home and note all the exits.
Practice your drills regularly.